I think that in countries like Chile or Argentina or other, everything depends...for example in chile the farest vineyard from the shipping area can be maybe 4 hours...but then, there are only few ports prepared for logistics, so definetaly there is no rule for this, besides if the terroir for better wines is near the andes according to certain winery...you need to take the supplies there.
Think also that you can make beer anywhere you have the cereal to do it...and you can import that even from other country...in the wine..it´s impossible to do that...the grapes do not hold more than a day or two before crushing them and start fermentation.
Originally posted by dermevalsenra:
Could somebody explain to me why wineyards are often located near to the great grape producing centers while breweries are more often seen near the great consuming markets? What is it abou their raw materials, production and transportation costs and issues that result in such location choices?