Blacklisted screenwriter, Walter Bernstein, 101
From CNN: Bernstein was best known for being blacklisted during Hollywood's "Red Scare" of the 1950s. Caught up in the anti-communist movement punctuated by Sen. Joseph McCarthy's notorious allegations against the US State Department, Bernstein wrote under pseudonyms for years. He also published with the help of friends and associates known as "fronts," who listed their names as the supposed authors of Bernstein's work.
Bernstein's highlighted works throughout the 1960s and '70s included "Fail Safe," "Paris Blues," "The Molly Maguires," and "Yanks." Bernstein also worked on "Something's Got to Give," the ill-fated Marilyn Monroe picture that was never completed due to her death in August 1962.
He gained a Best Original Screenplay Oscar nomination for "The Front," a 1976 film starring Woody Allen that satirized the McCarthyism-era impact on writers in the industry.