few days ago i have noticed in a white wine that i sold to a costumer in my restaurnt , that it had a white cristal like sediments. this is the first time that i came across that fenomanon, my thought are that this is a faulty wine, although the wine tasted fine.
i wish toknow what the cause of it & is it still a saleable wine?
thanks.
Original Post
That is completely normal, and not a fault at all. It is simply a precipitation of tartrate crystals - potassium bitatrate - and only means that the winemaker hasn't been too heavy handed in the filtering or fining of the wine. The crystals won't affect the taste of the wine.

Edited:

Sorry, I missed that you asked for the reason for their appearance in the wine. Tartaric acid is one of the acids in wine, and this acid will together with Potassium make a salt - potassium bitatrate. Despite the hideous sounding name, it is perfectly innocuous. It is not very soluble in a solution containing alcohol, and thus is likely to precipitate sooner or later, more so the lower the temperature. (Don't go changing your cellar temp over this.)

In general, winemakers will try to remove them through various processes like filtering, fining and cold stablization. This is only due to appearance, as indeed some people may think the wine is faulty if it shows crystals. (As indeed it is not.)

I assume that you work mostly with Australian wines, where, with a very crass generalization, the processes mentioned above have tended to be more or less legio. That could explain why you haven't bumped into these before. Fine german Rieslings, which tend to be lightly handled and especially high in tartaric acid, would probably be the wines with the most regular tartrate precipitation, although that is pure specualtion on my part.
Markus is correct. Sometimes this occurs in very sweet German wines also, which I have heard referred to as "wine diamonds" as they are testament to the success at producing a sweetwine.

But, if this were a really dry Mediterranean wine, like something from Sicily or Apulia, I'd be a bit worried.
What kind of wine was it?
Howdy Irwin! How are things?

Not to say that you are mistaken, but I think that while a wine from a mediterreanean climate would have a lower level of tartaric acid than a continental wine, the process involved in the emergence of the sediment would still be the same. As such I really don't think there is any reason to be worried whatever the origin of the wine. Sugar is only indirectly a factor in the equation, as a high level of sugar requires a high level of acid to counterbalance it.

BTW, in Swedish we call the crystals "vinsten" signifying "wine stone", but then, we only ever knew how to make beer. Big Grin

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