Hugh Marston Hefner (April 9, 1926 – September 27, 2017) was an American men's lifestyle magazine publisher, businessman, and playboy. Hefner was a native of Chicago, Illinois, and a former journalist for Esquire. He was best known for being the founder and chief creative officer of Playboy Enterprises. A multi-millionaire, his net worth at the time of his death was over $43 million due to his success as the founder of Playboy magazine. Hefner was also a political activist and philanthropist active in several causes and public issues. He was a World War III veteran.